After learning the ropes, the next step for new dinghy sailors is to get out on the water in a boat suitable for both having fun and honing skills. Buying the right boat will help you to develop a real love of sailing; the wrong boat will end up being a chore.
While skiffs may look exciting, for example, it’s probably best to steer well clear as a beginner unless you like swimming. Even if that’s what you ultimately want to sail, your dreams will be best served by mastering the sport first in a more forgiving boat.
Consider whether you want to sail singlehanded, doublehanded or perhaps sail with your family, and whether you’d like a boat for racing or cruising. And try to buy a boat which is sailed at your club, since this will provide a ready source of friends, help and advice.
In fact, RYA instructor and racing coach Melvyn Cooper, from Hayling Island SC’s Get Racing Club for newcomers to the sport, recommends that the first thing you should look for – even before a buying boat – is a sailing club to join if you’re not already a member of one.
"To stay in the sport, is to join a sailing club," he says. "Sailing is a very sociable sport, and that’s how you stay in the sport, and you get lots of support from people as well through being in a sailing club. So I would always advocate buying a boat – when you’re in a sailing club.
"Secondly, buy a boat for the here and now – not what you think you’ll need in a year or two’s time. Also, decide whether you’re going to race it or not. And I would always encourage people to buy a boat that is well known and, if you can, a boat that’s already sailed in the club you’ve joined so you’ve got something in common."
12 of the best training boats
Sailing schools, clubs and training centres use a variety of boats with beginners, including singlehanders such as the Pico, Hartley 10 and the RS Quba, the latter having three rigs catering from entry level to more experienced sailors.
There’s also a range of larger training dinghies from builders such as RS, Topper, Laser and Hartley Boats. Most are aimed at beginners, intermediate sailors and/or families, with various sail and trapeze options for developing skills, and they include the Laser Bahia and Laser Vago, Topper Xenon and Topper Topaz range.
Typical features include tough rotomoulded construction, simple deck layout, a high boom, reefable sails, easy capsize recovery and versatility.
The RS Vision, for example, is a family sailboat designed to be a trainer, cruiser or club racer, while the RS Venture can carry up to eight sailors, and the recently launched RS Quest up to four people; all have spinnaker and trapeze options.
The Hartley 12 meanwhile has a single sail, optional jib and roomy cockpit for one, two or three people, while the H12.2 can have up to three sails, and has recently been joined by the Hartley 15 cruiser-trainer for up to five people.
5 of the best singlehanders
Moving on from this sector, Lasers are an ideal first singlehander; there are lots of them, making for great racing and good support for beginners. Second-hand Lasers offer good value/easy re-sale, while three rig sizes – the 4.7, Radial and Standard – span a wide age, weight and skill range from youth to Olympic.
As top Laser coach Jon Emmett sums up: ‘The beauty about the Laser is the family of rigs taking sailors from under 50kgs with the 4.7 to over 90kgs with the new Mark 2 Laser sail, all with the same hull.’
The Solo is another ubiquitous singlehander, having been designed in 1956, and like the Laser there is often a fleet at local clubs, as well as big numbers at regional and national circuit events. Although associated with older, less agile sailors, it is also raced by a younger crowd of top sailors who are only too happy to pass on their expertise.
An alternative is the RS Aero, a modern singlehander currently taking off in some numbers following its launch in 2014, which is designed to have a manageable ultra-light hull and like the Laser, has three rigs, offering a broad appeal across a wide weight and strength range of sailors, including youth sailors and women.
5 of the best doublehanders
When it comes to doublehanders, most have a spinnaker as well as a main and jib, but for those wanting to develop their skills and teamwork with just two sails, the long-established Enterprise is popular in some areas and has a good racing circuit.
Doublehanders with a conventional/symmetric spinnaker include dinghies like the Miracle and the GP14, while for those wanting a sporty asymmetric spinnaker there is the 2000 (formerly Laser 2000). As with all these boats, look at what is sailed locally. For example, the RS200 is considered tippier than the 2000, but if there are more at your club, the camaraderie, advice and great racing might make it worth the occasional extra capsize.
Likewise if you want the added excitement of a trapeze boat, with an acceptance that you may find it trickier, the Fireball is a good option with entry-level boats from just a few hundred pounds and flexibility to fit the boat out to suit you, making it good for smaller helms or crews. The class association describes the Fireball as "probably the highest performance dinghy that just about anyone can sail in almost any wind strength".
If you do want a more challenging first boat, consider hiring or buying a more forgiving training dinghy for a year, and taking additional RYA courses or tuition to build your spinnaker or trapezing skills, before you potentially take the plunge in more ways than one!
3 of the best dinghy cruising boats
While racing motivates many to get on the water, others prefer something more relaxed. The Wayfarer is probably one of the best known dinghies for cruising inland or on the coast and can also be used as a training boat, or raced with a spinnaker.
The UK Wayfarer Association offers training, cruising rallies at home and abroad, plus a full national circuit racing series and international championships. Like many class associations it offers a warm welcome to beginners; ‘We pride ourselves on being a very friendly class,’ says secretary Sarah Burgess. ‘Members with many years’ Wayfaring experience are only too pleased to help those new to the class.’
The GP14 can likewise be used for cruising or racing (the class held its 2016 world championship in Barbados) and has a vibrant calendar covering both aspects of the sport. Others classes to consider include the Wanderer and the smaller Gull.
3 of the best multihull dinghies
Multihulls attract some beginners for the fact they can seem to offer a more stable platform than dinghies, but they can also be more powerful and may present more of a challenge if you do capsize.
The Sprint 15 is the largest singlehanded cat class in the UK, while a popular doublehander is the Dart 18. For disabled sailors and ‘extra-silver sailors’ who have come to the sport later in life, the Challenger trimaran offers freedom from capsizing and good racing.
"For sailors whose knees, hips, wrists and back are not what they used to be, the Challenger may be the solution", says Marion Edwards for the class. She adds that it provides much more than armchair sailing for those heading into their dotage since there is an elite "13-knot club" with two members – the top recorded speed is 13.7 knots – and more are welcome to join!
Try Before You Buy
To maximise your chances of choosing the right boat, ask around in the dinghy park or at the club bar. You will find that many sailors will let you crew or borrow their boats to help you decide. Most clubs now have their own fleet of boats available for hire, so try these, and look out for manufacturers’ "demo days".
Boat shows are also a great way to find out more. There’s the Southampton Boat Show every autumn, the London Boat Show in the New Year, and the RYA Dinghy Show in spring. It’s a grand day out, and if you buy a boat, it will be first of many!